Utility company boards in the S&P 500 — a group of 28 companies — tend to be older and longer tenured than S&P 500 boards.
- The average age of independent directors on utility boards is 64.0, one year older than the S&P 500 average of 63.0.
- The youngest average age of a utility board is 57.9 years and the oldest is 68.4.
- Utility boards average 11.5 members, higher than the 10.7 director average for S&P 500 company boards and the second highest of all S&P 500 primary sectors.
- Independent directors represent 88% of all directors on utility boards, higher than the 85% average for the S&P 500 universe and the highest of all S&P 500 primary sectors.
- The average tenure of independent directors on utility boards is 7.6 years, slightly below the S&P 500 average of 7.9 years.
- The longest-tenured utility board is 11.5 years.
Gender diversity of utilities boards is slightly higher than the S&P 500 universe, with women representing 29% of all utility board members in 2020, compared to 28% of S&P 500 directors.
Every S&P 500 company has at least one female director. Ninety-five percent (95%) of the S&P 500 index have at least two female directors, and two-thirds (67%) of S&P 500 companies have three or more female directors. In contrast, all utility companies have at least two female directors, and 90% have three or more women, compared to 67% of the S&P 500. Thirteen S&P 500 boards are composed of at least 50% women; no utility boards are majority women.
Representation of Women Directors on Utilities Boards
New independent director backgrounds
Twenty utility companies — 71% of the surveyed group — added at least one director over the past year. Appointees averaged 59.3 years of age, older than the 57.8 average for all independent directors joining S&P 500 boards. First-time directors represented 11% of directors joining utility boards in 2020 — significantly lower than the 28% overall average for the S&P 500 and the lowest percentage of S&P primary sectors.
More than half (54%) of the 28 directors joining utility boards over the past year are diverse; 36% are women — the second lowest percentage of all S&P 500 primary sectors, and 18% are minority men — the highest percentage of all S&P 500 primary sectors. In comparison, 59% of directors joining the S&P 500 index are diverse, including 47% women and 12% minority men.
Similar to the S&P 500 incoming class, where 49% of the independent directors are active executives, 50% of the directors joining utility boards are actively employed. Compared to the S&P 500 incoming class, more independent directors joining utility boards over the past year are current or former CEOs — the highest percentage of all S&P 500 primary sectors — and division leaders. Most (83%) of the additions are current or former CEOs (39%); finance management/CFO/treasurers (22%); and line/functional or subsidiary/division leaders (22%).
|2020 Utilities||2020 S&P 500|
|Chairs / presidents / COOs||7%||6%|
|Line and functional leaders||11%||16%|
|Division / subsidiary presidents||11%||7%|
|Finance / accounting executives||22%||27%|
|Financial executives / CFOs / treasurers||11%||14%|
|Investment managers / investors||7%||8%|
|Bankers / investment bankers||0%||4%|
|Public accounting executives||4%||1%|
|Academics / nonprofit executives||0%||3%|
|Government / military||4%||5%|
Half of the utility companies in the S&P 500 index separate the chair and CEO roles, slightly below the 55% average for the S&P 500 index. Independent chairs are in place at 29% of utility companies, compared to 34% of the S&P 500 index. Eighty-six percent (86%) of all utility companies have an independent lead or presiding director — the highest percentage of all S&P 500 primary sectors and significantly higher than the 75% average of the S&P 500.
Board organization and process
As detailed below, utility boards and committees meet more often than the S&P 500 index. Utility boards average 5.2 committees, the highest average of all S&P 500 primary sectors. Following audit, compensation and nominating/governance committees, the most prevalent utility boards’ committees are finance (75% of utilities); executive (39% of utilities); environmental (39% of utilities); and nuclear/energy (29% of utilities).
Only 4% of utility companies have staggered, three-year terms for directors, the second lowest percentage of all primary sectors. In contrast, 10% of S&P 500 companies have classified boards. While 70% of S&P 500 boards have adopted mandatory retirement policies, 89% of utility boards have adopted age limits for directors, the highest percentage of all S&P 500 primary sectors.
|2020 Utilities ||2020 S&P 500|
|Board meetings (avg #)||8.7||7.9|
|Board committees (avg #)||5.2||4.2|
|Size (avg #)||5||4.4|
|Meetings (avg #)||6.9||8.2|
|Size (avg #)||4.8||4.3|
|Meetings (avg #)||5.9||5.9|
|Nominating / governance committee|
|Size (avg #)||4.6||4.4|
|Meetings (avg #)||5.1||4.5|
|Retirement age (avg)||73.4||73.6|
Editor's note: Data in tables and charts may not total 100% due to rounding.
Utilities Sector Companies
Alliant Energy Corporation
American Electric Power Company
American Water Works Company
Atmos Energy Corporation
CMS Energy Corporation
DTE Energy Company
Duke Energy Corporation
Pinnacle West Capital Corporation
Public Service Enterprise Group
The AES Corporation
The Southern Company
WEC Energy Group